MU 2. 4- Contribute to children and young people’s health and safety 1- 1. 1 Outline the health and safety policies and procedures of the work setting Nursery policies -babysitting policy -behaviour management policy -confidentiality policy -display policy -equality and diversity policy -key carer policy -no smoking policy -partnership working policy -pet care policy -safeguarding children policy -sick child policy -special educational needs policy -staff personal training policy -training policy -use of cameras and photography policy -water and milk policy
Nursery procedures -accident/incident reports procedure -complaints procedure -procedures for supporting children speaking EAL -medicine records procedure -misplaced child procedure -napping changing procedure -nursery evacuation procedure -parental responsibility verification procedure -register completion procedure -guidelines to support children, families and staff in the event of a parental separation -significant incident reporting procedure -suitable person and clearance procedure -transition to school procedure -uncollected child procedure updating child information procedure Appendices -behaviour incident form -child incident record -training request form -weekly staff register -my day sheet MU 2. 4- Contribute to children and young people’s health and safety 1- 1. 2 Identify the lines of responsibility and reporting for health and safety in the work setting In a work setting it is every employee’s responsibility for health and safety. If I were to notice something that would affect someone’s health and safety then this is when I would report to my room leader and a senior member of staff at the work setting.
For example when I am working in the nursery and I see a child hurt themselves I report to the room leader or a senior member of staff to inform them of what has happened. -Each employee is responsible for health and safety -Report to a room leader or senior member of staff when a child’s health and safety is affected. MU 2. 4- Contribute to children and young people’s health and safety 1-1. 3 Explain what risk assessment is and how this is managed in the work setting A risk assessment is an important step in protecting a work place and staff which are working there and this also complies with the law.
When doing a risk assessment it helps you focus on the risks that there are in the workplace and the risks which could potentiality harm children. An example of this is ensuring that spillages are cleaned up so people are not at risk and ensuring all loose wires and plug sockets are covered. A risk assessment is managed by doing an examination of the workplace and identifying the potential risks which could cause harm to others. A risk assessment is an important step in which protects a business, employers and employees, as well as complying with the law. This helps to focus on the risks that have the potential to cause harm in a workplace.
When thinking of ways how to control risks it can be a straightforward and simple process, for an example ensuring spillages are cleaned up quickly and effectively, so people do not slip. Risk assessments are simply a careful examination of what, in a work setting could cause harm to people. In order to weigh up whether you have taken enough precautions or should do more to prevent harm. When working in a childcare setting there are many potential risks that could happen, so when starting a shift as a Nursery Nurse member it is our responsibility to complete a checklist.
Finding a potential risk, such as a plastic broken toy, we have to ensure that we decide on the most appropriate outcome towards the children, in this case it would be to dispose the toy. Throughout the day, myself and other team members will be making sure that if we see any piece of furniture or toy that are damaged we will deal with the situation MU 2. 4- Contribute to children and young people’s health and safety 2-2. 1 Explain why a safe but challenging environment is important for children and young people
A safe but challenging environment is important for children as this teaches them to be cautious and will show children what is dangerous and what they should and shouldn’t do. For example when I am working in the nursery and a child hurts themselves then this will show them what risks there are in the nursery and to be more cautious. A safe but challenging environment is also good for a child’s development as it will show them what’s challenging in the nursery room. MU 2. 4- Contribute to children and young people’s health and safety 2-2. 2 Identify the differences between risk and hazard
A risk is a situation that could happen but is not existent as this would be a hazard. An example of this is when the children are playing in the water tray at nursery there is a risk that water could spill onto the floor and a child slide over, so when the children are playing in the water tray I have to be aware of any water spillage so I can mop it up. A hazard is a situation that is more than likely to cause harm to the children. When it snows outside and the snow turns to ice this is a hazard as the children can slip and hurt themselves on the ice.
MU 2. 4- Contribute to children and young people’s health and safety 2-2. 3 Identify potential hazards to the health, safety and security of children or young people in the work setting When working in a nursery there are many potential hazards. Wet floors and spilt drinks are a hazard to both the children and staff; electrical items are more a hazard to children but could potentially be a hazard to staff. Any items which are hanging around or are across the room could cause a trip hazard and this is also a hazard to both children and staff.
When children are eating a potential hazard is a child choking in which case a member of staff would have to be first aid trained and have a crb check in order to help the child. Viruses can also be spread easily at a nursery so children and staff can easily catch this. MU 2. 4- Contribute to children and young people’s health and safety 3-3. 1 Identify non-medical incidents and emergencies that may occur in the work setting -child falling over -children arguing/play fighting -behavioural issues -complaint from a parent -data loss -lack of planning –
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