Intermediate Accounting- 13th Edition

21.The residual interest in a corporation belongs to the

a. management.

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b. creditors.

c. common stockholders.

d. preferred stockholders.

22. The pre-emptive right of a common stockholder is the right to

a. share proportionately in corporate assets upon liquidation.

b. share proportionately in any new issues of stock of the same class.

c. receive cash dividends before they are distributed to preferred stockholders.

d. exclude preferred stockholders from voting rights.

23. The pre-emptive right enables a stockholder to

a. share proportionately in any new issues of stock of the same class.

b. receive cash dividends before other classes of stock without the pre-emptive right.

c. sell capital stock back to the corporation at the option of the stockholder.

d. receive the same amount of dividends on a percentage basis as the preferred stockholders.

24. In a corporate form of business organization, legal capital is best defined as

a. the amount of capital the state of incorporation allows the company to accumulate over its existence.

b. the par value of all capital stock issued.

c. the amount of capital the federal government allows a corporation to generate.

d. the total capital raised by a corporation within the limits set by the Securities and Exchange Commission.

25. Stockholders of a business enterprise are said to be the residual owners. The term residual owner means that shareholders

a. are entitled to a dividend every year in which the business earns a profit.

b. have the rights to specific assets of the business.

c. bear the ultimate risks and uncertainties and receive the benefits of enterprise ownership.

d. can negotiate individual contracts on behalf of the enterprise.

26. Total stockholders’ equity represents

a. a claim to specific assets contributed by the owners.

b. the maximum amount that can be borrowed by the enterprise.

c. a claim against a portion of the total assets of an enterprise.

d. only the amount of earnings that have been retained in the business.

27. A primary source of stockholders’ equity is

a. income retained by the corporation.

b. appropriated retained earnings.

c. contributions by stockholders.

d. both income retained by the corporation and contributions by stockholders.

28. Stockholders’ equity is generally classified into two major categories:

a. contributed capital and appropriated capital.

b. appropriated capital and retained earnings.

c. retained earnings and unappropriated capital.

d. earned capital and contributed capital.

29. The accounting problem in a lump sum issuance is the allocation of proceeds between the classes of securities. An acceptable method of allocation is the

a. pro forma method.

b. proportional method.

c. incremental method.

d. either the proportional method or the incremental method.

30. When a corporation issues its capital stock in payment for services, the least appropriate basis for recording the transaction is the

a. market value of the services received.

b. par value of the shares issued.

c. market value of the shares issued.

d. Any of these provides an appropriate basis for recording the transaction.

31. Direct costs incurred to sell stock such as underwriting costs should be accounted for as

1. a reduction of additional paid-in capital.

2. an expense of the period in which the stock is issued.

3. an intangible asset.

a. 1

b. 2

c. 3

d. 1 or 3

32. A “secret reserve” will be created if

a. inadequate depreciation is charged to income.

b. a capital expenditure is charged to expense.

c. liabilities are understated.

d. stockholders’ equity is overstated.

33. Which of the following represents the total number of shares that a corporation may issue under the terms of its charter?

a. authorized shares

b. issued shares

c. unissued shares

d. outstanding shares

34. Stock that has a fixed per-share amount printed on each stock certificate is called

a. stated value stock.

b. fixed value stock.

c. uniform value stock.

d. par value stock.

35. Which of the following is not a legal restriction related to profit distributions by a corporation?

a. The amount distributed to owners must be in compliance with the state laws governing corporations.

b. The amount distributed in any one year can never exceed the net income reported for that year.

c. Profit distributions must be formally approved by the board of directors.

d. Dividends must be in full agreement with the capital stock contracts as to preferences and participation.

36. In January 2010, Finley Corporation, a newly formed company, issued 10,000 shares of its $10 par common stock for $15 per share. On July 1, 2010, Finley Corporation reacquired 1,000 shares of its outstanding stock for $12 per share. The acquisition of these treasury shares

a. decreased total stockholders’ equity.

b. increased total stockholders’ equity.

c. did not change total stockholders’ equity.

d. decreased the number of issued shares.

37. Treasury shares are

a. shares held as an investment by the treasurer of the corporation.

b. shares held as an investment of the corporation.

c. issued and outstanding shares.

d. issued but not outstanding shares.

38. When treasury stock is purchased for more than the par value of the stock and the cost method is used to account for treasury stock, what account(s) should be debited?

a. Treasury stock for the par value and paid-in capital in excess of par for the excess of the purchase price over the par value.

b. Paid-in capital in excess of par for the purchase price.

c. Treasury stock for the purchase price.

d. Treasury stock for the par value and retained earnings for the excess of the purchase price over the par value.

39. “Gains” on sales of treasury stock (using the cost method) should be credited to

a. paid-in capital from treasury stock.

b. capital stock.

c. retained earnings.

d. other income.

40. Porter Corp. purchased its own par value stock on January 1, 2010 for $20,000 and debited the treasury stock account for the purchase price. The stock was subsequently sold for $12,000. The $8,000 difference between the cost and sales price should be recorded as a deduction from

a. additional paid-in capital to the extent that previous net “gains” from sales of the same class of stock are included therein; otherwise, from retained earnings.

b. additional paid-in capital without regard as to whether or not there have been previous net “gains” from sales of the same class of stock included therein.

c. retained earnings.

d. net income.

41. How should a “gain” from the sale of treasury stock be reflected when using the cost method of recording treasury stock transactions?

a. As ordinary earnings shown on the income statement.

b. As paid-in capital from treasury stock transactions.

c. As an increase in the amount shown for common stock.

d. As an extraordinary item shown on the income statement.

42. Which of the following best describes a possible result of treasury stock transactions by a corporation?

a. May increase but not decrease retained earnings.

b. May increase net income if the cost method is used.

c. May decrease but not increase retained earnings.

d. May decrease but not increase net income.

43. Which of the following features of preferred stock makes the security more like debt than an equity instrument?

a. Participating

b. Voting

c. Redeemable

d. Noncumulative

44. The cumulative feature of preferred stock

a. limits the amount of cumulative dividends to the par value of the preferred stock.

b. requires that dividends not paid in any year must be made up in a later year before dividends are distributed to common shareholders.

c. means that the shareholder can accumulate preferred stock until it is equal to the par value of common stock at which time it can be converted into common stock.

d. enables a preferred stockholder to accumulate dividends until they equal the par value of the stock and receive the stock in place of the cash dividends.

45. According to the FASB, redeemable preferred stock should be

a. included with common stock.

b. included as a liability.

c. excluded from the stockholders’ equity heading.

d. included as a contra item in stockholders’ equity.

46. Cumulative preferred dividends in arrears should be shown in a corporation’s balance sheet as

a. an increase in current liabilities.

b. an increase in stockholders’ equity.

c. a footnote.

d. an increase in current liabilities for the current portion and long-term liabilities for the long-term portion.

47. At the date of the financial statements, common stock shares issued would exceed common stock shares outstanding as a result of the

a. declaration of a stock split.

b. declaration of a stock dividend.

c. purchase of treasury stock.

d. payment in full of subscribed stock.

48. An entry is not made on the

a. date of declaration.

b. date of record.

c. date of payment.

d. An entry is made on all of these dates.

49. Cash dividends are paid on the basis of the number of shares

a. authorized.

b. issued.

c. outstanding.

d. outstanding less the number of treasury shares.

50. Which of the following statements about property dividends is not true?

a. A property dividend is usually in the form of securities of other companies.

b. A property dividend is also called a dividend in kind.

c. The accounting for a property dividend should be based on the carrying value (book value) of the nonmonetary assets transferred.

d. All of these statements are true.

51. Houser Corporation owns 4,000,000 shares of stock in Baha Corporation. On December 31, 2010, Houser distributed these shares of stock as a dividend to its stockholders. This is an example of a

a. property dividend.

b. stock dividend.

c. liquidating dividend.

d. cash dividend.

52. A dividend which is a return to stockholders of a portion of their original investments is a

a. liquidating dividend.

b. property dividend.

c. liability dividend.

d. participating dividend.

53. A mining company declared a liquidating dividend. The journal entry to record the declaration must include a debit to

a. Retained Earnings.

b. a paid-in capital account.

c. Accumulated Depletion.

d. Accumulated Depreciation.

54. If management wishes to “capitalize” part of the earnings, it may issue a

a. cash dividend.

b. stock dividend.

c. property dividend.

d. liquidating dividend.

55. Which dividends do not reduce stockholders’ equity?

a. Cash dividends

b. Stock dividends

c. Property dividends

d. Liquidating dividends

56. The declaration and issuance of a stock dividend larger than 25% of the shares previously outstanding

a. increases common stock outstanding and increases total stockholders’ equity.

b. decreases retained earnings but does not change total stockholders’ equity.

c. may increase or decrease paid-in capital in excess of par but does not change total stockholders’ equity.

d. increases retained earnings and increases total stockholders’ equity.

57. Quirk Corporation issued a 100% stock dividend of its common stock which had a par value of $10 before and after the dividend. At what amount should retained earnings be capitalized for the additional shares issued?

a. There should be no capitalization of retained earnings.

b. Par value

c. Market value on the declaration date

d. Market value on the payment date

58. The issuer of a 5% common stock dividend to common stockholders preferably should transfer from retained earnings to contributed capital an amount equal to the

a. market value of the shares issued.

b. book value of the shares issued.

c. minimum legal requirements.

d. par or stated value of the shares issued.

59. At the date of declaration of a small common stock dividend, the entry should not include

a. a credit to Common Stock Dividend Payable.

b. a credit to Paid-in Capital in Excess of Par.

c. a debit to Retained Earnings.

d. All of these are acceptable.

60. The balance in Common Stock Dividend Distributable should be reported as a(n)

a. deduction from common stock issued.

b. addition to capital stock.

c. current liability.

d. contra current asset.

61. A feature common to both stock splits and stock dividends is

a. a transfer to earned capital of a corporation.

b. that there is no effect on total stockholders’ equity.

c. an increase in total liabilities of a corporation.

d. a reduction in the contributed capital of a corporation.

62. What effect does the issuance of a 2-for-1 stock split have on each of the following?

Par Value per Share Retained Earnings

a. No effect No effect

b. Increase No effect

c. Decrease No effect

d. Decrease Decrease

63. Which one of the following disclosures should be made in the equity section of the balance sheet, rather than in the notes to the financial statements?

a. Dividend preferences

b. Liquidation preferences

c. Call prices

d. Conversion or exercise prices

64. The rate of return on common stock equity is calculated by dividing

a. net income less preferred dividends by average common stockholders’ equity.

b. net income by average common stockholders’ equity.

c. net income less preferred dividends by ending common stockholders’ equity.

d. net income by ending common stockholders’ equity.

65. The payout ratio can be calculated by dividing

a. dividends per share by earnings per share.

b. cash dividends by net income less preferred dividends.

c. cash dividends by market price per share.

d. dividends per share by earnings per share and dividing cash dividends by net income less preferred dividends.

66. Younger Company has outstanding both common stock and nonparticipating, non-cumulative preferred stock. The liquidation value of the preferred is equal to its par value. The book value per share of the common stock is unaffected by

a. the declaration of a stock dividend on preferred payable in preferred stock when the market price of the preferred is equal to its par value.

b. the declaration of a stock dividend on common stock payable in common stock when the market price of the common is equal to its par value.

c. the payment of a previously declared cash dividend on the common stock.

d. a 2-for-1 split of the common stock.

67. Assume common stock is the only class of stock outstanding in the Manley Corporation. Total stockholders’ equity divided by the number of common stock shares outstanding is called

a. book value per share.

b. par value per share.

c. stated value per share.

d. market value per share.

68. Dividends are not paid on

a. noncumulative preferred stock.

b. nonparticipating preferred stock.

c. treasury common stock.

d. Dividends are paid on all of these.

69. Noncumulative preferred dividends in arrears

a. are not paid or disclosed.

b. must be paid before any other cash dividends can be distributed.

c. are disclosed as a liability until paid.

d. are paid to preferred stockholders if sufficient funds remain after payment of the current preferred dividend.

70. How should cumulative preferred dividends in arrears be shown in a corporation’s statement of financial position?

a. Note disclosure

b. Increase in stockholders’ equity

c. Increase in current liabilities

d. Increase in current liabilities for the amount expected to be declared within the year or operating cycle, and increase in long-term liabilities for the balance

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