It is important to write an introduction aiming to grab the reader’s interest and to inform them of what will follow or will be covered in the essay. The introduction should comprise of at least 10% of the text. To learn how to write a good essay introduction, first get familiar with the most important goals of your paper.
Come up with a first sentence of your introduction that piques the interest of whoever is reading your paper. This opening sentence is sometimes referred to as the hook. It might be a quote, a question, a bold statement emphasizing the relevance of the topic, or a surprising statistic.
For instance, you may be asked to write an essay about the evolution of Braille (the studying system used by people that are visually impaired). You can have an opening statement like this:
The cotrivance of Braille pronounced a major crossroad in the history of disability.
After you have hooked the reader, it is important to give context that will help your reader understand your argument. This might involve providing background information, giving an overview of important academic work or debates on the topic, and explaining difficult terms. Don’t provide too much detail in the introduction—you can elaborate in the body of your essay.
Next, you ought to define your main argument or thesis statement. The thesis statement gives focus and shows your position on the topic. It is usually one or two sentences long. For example, a thesis statement from an essay on Braille could look as follows:
The idea of tactile reading was not entirely new; Louis Braille adapted and simplified existing methods to create the first writing system specifically for blind people. However, its success depended on acceptance among sighted people before the social status of blindness could truly be transformed. This process was shaped by broader debates concerning disabled people’s place in society.
Finish the introduction with an overview of your essay’s structure. The overview should provide the reader with a broad idea of what each section of your essay surveys.
In the body of your essay is where its recommended to make arguments supporting your thesis statement, providing evidence, and developing your ideas. Its central purpose is to present, interpret and analyze the information and sources you have gathered to support your argument.
The length of the body depends on instructions given and the type of essay. On average, the body comprises 65–75% of your essay. For a high school essay, just three paragraphs could work, but for a graduate school essay of 6,000 words, the body could take up 8–10 pages.
For your essay to have a clear structure, it is important to make use of paragraphs and headings. This makes the content have flow and easy to digest. Each paragraph should be centered around just one idea or argument.
Each paragraph has a purpose that is introduced using topic sentences. These topic sentences form a transition from the earlier paragraph and introduces the argument to be made in the following paragraph. Transition words are used to create polished transitions between sentences.
Present evidence after the topic sentences by providing the reader with data or quotes. Be sure to interpret and expound on the evidence, and let your paragraph be detailed to help develop your overall argument.
A conclusion is the final section of an essay. It takes up around 15% of your essay. A strong essay conclusion does the following:
Draws connections between the arguments made in the essay’s body and states the outcome of your arguments.
Emphasizes the significance and relevance of the thesis statement for academia or the wider world
Explores the broader importance or implications of the topic
A great conclusion should end with an impactful sentence that emphasizes the importance of your study and leaves the reader with a good final impression.