Dr. Dolittle had a veterinary clinic. The following accounts and balances appeared on the books as of April 30, 2013:
Cash $22,000 Notes Payable $10,000
Accounts Receivable 8,000 Accounts Payable 7,000
Office Supplies 2,000 Contributed Capital 70,000
Land ` 40,000 Retained Earnings 33,000
Building 35,000 Veterinary Service Revenue 70,000
Office Fixtures and Equipment 27,000 Advertising Expense 10,000
Medical Instruments 18,000 Salary Expense 28,000
The business transactions for May are shown below:
1 Dr. Dolittle invested $400,000 cash in the business in exchange for
5,000 shares of stock.
4 Additional land and a buildings were purchased for $150,000. Of this amount,
$70,000 applied to the land, and $80,000 to the building. A cash payment of
$90,000 was made at the time of the purchase, and a note payable was issued for
the remaining balance.
9 Medical instruments were purchased for $130,000 cash.
16 Office fixtures and equipment were purchased for $50,000. Dr. Dolittle paid
$20,000 at the time of purchase and agreed to pay the entire remaining balance in
15 days (account payable).
21 Office supplies expected to last several months were purchased for $5,000 cash.
24 Dr. Dolittle billed clients $9,200 for services rendered. Of this amount, $7,900
was received in cash, and the balance was billed on account (due in 30 days).
27 A $800 invoice was received for several radio advertisements aired in May.
The entire amount is due to be paid on June 5. (Use accounts payable)
28 Received $6,500 from account receivable collected
29 Paid $5,500 of accounts payable that had become due.
31 Paid employees $4,200 for salaries earned by them in May.
See next page for instructions
A. Make up a T account for each account and put in the beginning balances as given
B. Prepare journal entries for each transaction (list date, then the accounts and amounts
debited and credited- in good form) For example, May 1
1 Cash (+A) 400,000
Capital Stock (+SE) 400,000
C. Analyze the effects that each of these transactions will have on the following six
components of the company’s financial statements for the month of May.
Organize your answer in tabular from, using the column headings shown below. Use
I for increase, D for decrease, and NE for no effect. The May 1 transaction
would be as follows:
Income Statement Balance Sheet
Transaction Revenue – Expense = NI Assets = Liabilities + Owners’ Equity
May 1 NE NE NE I NE I
D. Post each transaction from (B) to the appropriate T account.
E. Prepare a trial balance dated May 31, 2013. A trial balance lists all accounts in a column, then all debit balances opposite those with debit, all credit balances opposite those accounts with credit balances, and proves that total debits equal total credits.
F. Using figures from the trial balance prepared in part E, compute total assets, total
liabilities, and owners’ equity.
G. Did May appear to be a profitable month? (support your answer)